PORTSMOUTH’S TEMPERANCE LADIES- SARAH ROBINSON & AGNES WESTON

1-SR at 70Sarah Robinson – The Soldiers’ Friend

1-Image (260) Agnes Weston – The Sailors’ Friend

Why was the work of these women so important in Portsmouth?

We need to bear in mind that in the 1860s & 1870s, Portsmouth was one of England’s main ports. With the country frequently at war, or displaying our strength, somewhere in the world – Crimea, South Africa, India, Egypt – there was a constant stream of troopships and naval vessels in and out of port. These floods of servicemen were seen as disruptive, only welcomed by those who saw their wages as easy pickings eg the publicans.

In a letter to Sarah Robinson, at The Soldiers’ Institute she established in Portsmouth, one soldier, a staff-sergeant of the 6th West Yorks Militia, described the scene on his arrival back from Abyssinia:

Immediately we disembarked, and before getting into quarters, we were beset by keepers of gin-shops and worse, hundreds of unfortunates in gay attire, and professional music-saloon harpies, all determined to allure the unsuspecting soldier into their meshes … The consequence was that, in the absence of any counteracting influence whatever, we ran riot through the town, completely demoralised species of humanity, drinking spirits like water, giving ourselves up to all manner of wickedness, regardless of all orders relating to conduct or sobriety. it was no uncommon thing for a man to go out with £10 or £15, and within a few hours be brought to the Main Guard minus boots, cap, belt, and money, having been relieved of these superfluities by the friends who had enticed him into their houses

No wonder there was a need for someone or some organisation to provide a moral compass for these hapless young men.

Yet it was 2 matronly women, first Sarah and later Agnes, who addressed this need. Their practical efforts, campaigning zeal and steadfast faith changed lives. The culture within the Army and Navy began to change, the welfare of their men taken more seriously. Of course there were other organisations involved in welfare work for soldiers and sailors but none which addressed the issue of alcohol abuse with the same directness.

I shall be giving a talk in Portsmouth on Friday 22nd May

http://www.visitportsmouth.co.uk/whats-on/portsmouths-temperance-ladies-sarah-robinson-the-soldiers-friend-and-agnes-weston-the-sailors-friend-p1162681

Posted in Agnes Weston, alcohol abuse, Army, female temperance reformers, Portsmouth, Sarah Robinson | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

WHO DO YOU THINK YOU ARE MAGAZINE – JUNE EDITION

My article Taking the Pledge appears on p62 of the June 2015 edition of WHO DO YOU THINK YOU ARE magazine.

I expect some readers will find references to The Band of Hope illuminating as they may have uncovered membership certificates amongst their ancestor’s papers.

Also, a surprising number of people were given the name temperance, especially as a middle name.

http://www.whodoyouthinkyouaremagazine.com

Posted in Agnes Weston, Army, Band of Hope, books by Ros Black, British Women's Temperance Association, Duxhurst, female temperance reformers, Feminism, Lady Henry Somerset, Sarah Robinson, Temperance, temperance pledge | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

SCANDAL SALVATION AND SUFFRAGE ENJOYS SUCCESSFUL LAUNCH AND LEADS TO NEW TEMPERANCE TALES FROM SUSSEX

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Many thanks to all who attended the launch of my new book Scandal Salvation and Suffrage – The Amazing Women of The Temperance Movement in Haywards Heath on 23rd April.

To promote the new book in Sussex, I have been putting together a new talk: Temperance Tales from Sussex and Surrey and have been uncovering some fascinating tales of how, in the second half of the 19th century, temperance meetings were frequently disturbed by youths, often fuelled by free beer from local publicans or brewers.

In some instances, there was major opposition to the temperance campaigners, especially The Salvation Army, with Skelton Armies being formed to mock the Salvationists. But there were also lower-key demonstrations which disturbed the tranquillity of Sussex villages and towns such as Steyning, Horsham and Cuckfield.

In 1897 the Mid Sussex Times referred to an incident when the lower part of Cuckfield was filled by a crowd which indulged in “ill-timed frolic and indiscreet refreshment”. A ‘spectator’ from Handcross wrote about “covert indecencies” being hurled at “respectable females when the opportunity offered. More drunken men were to be seen rolling about between Pease Pottage and Handcross than ever was seen on days of clubs and fairs”.

Posted in alcohol abuse, books by Ros Black, Cuckfield, Sussex towns and villages, Temperance, temperance tales from Sussex | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

King signs pledge for duration of the war – 100 years ago on 6th April 1915

Even before war was declared, steps were put in place to reduce opening hours in areas where there were garrisons or armament factories. Obviously there was widespread appreciation of the fact that the British needed to have all their wits about them, not have brains befuddled by alcohol.

The state even took over the drinks trade in some areas of the country, including Carlisle. 3 of the 4 breweries were closed down, as were almost half the pubs. Rather surprisingly, the Carlisle experiment remained in place until the 1970s!

It was Lloyd George who persuaded the King to sign the pledge. On 6th April 1915, the following declaration was issued:

“No wines spirits or beer will be consumed in any of His Majesty’s houses after to-day, Tuesday April 6th, 1915 for the duration of the war.”

The King was leading by example – one which many others followed.

The British has asserted their moral superiority over the Germans.

Posted in King signs pledge for duration of First world war, Rosalind Howard Countess of Carlisle, Temperance, World war One | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Catherine Booth – of Salvation Army fame but also a temperance reformer

S A CB image PWB.5.1.592Photo of Catherine Booth in Clacton-on-Sea in 1889, courtesy of The Salvation Army International Heritage Centre.

Catherine is best known for her work with her husband, William Booth, in founding The Salvation Army. She was deeply religious and she pioneered the rights of women to preach. But it should not be forgotten that she was a staunch teetotaller. Even before her marriage, she was chastising William for taking a glass of port ‘for health reasons’. She told him in no uncertain terms to mend his ways. She strongly objected to the use of fermented wine at communion.

She travelled the country preaching and lecturing on temperance. She would visit house to house, deliberately seeking out drunkards and trying to persuade them to sign the pledge. She would ask the wives where other drunkards lived – “They always knew”, she declared. Her practical, hands-on approach brought great hope and encouragement to people and she tried to ensure they had on-going support when she and William left the area.

The Salvation Army’s magazine The War Cry frequently carried emotive cartoons depicting the damage alcohol abuse caused to families.

Not surprisingly, brewers and publicans frequently objected to the work of the Salvation Army. In some areas, they went so far as to set up ‘Skeleton Armies’ in opposition. These were formed from the local youths, fuelled by free drink. So a Salvation Army rally would be met by a drunken rabble from the Skeleton Army who would attack them with bricks and stones and rush to seize the Salvationists’ flag. Pitched battles frequently ensured and on several occasions The Riot Act was read. Sleepy towns, like Basingstoke in Hampshire, found their lives disrupted by such events.

Just another example of how the temperance movement left its mark on the country.

Posted in Basingstoke, Catherine Booth, female temperance reformers, religion, teetotalism, Temperance, Victorian Do-Gooders, Victorian temperance movement, women of the temperance movement, women's history | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Scandal Salvation & Suffrage – the official publication day 28th March

cover jpeg

It’s the official publication date tomorrow which means the book will be available either in stock or to order from all good bookshops.

The book is still available through this website and the good news is that I’ve decided to extend the earlybird offer- just click on the Buy The Books page.

There’s also a special deal on the publishers website http://www.troubador.co.uk/book_info.asp?bookid=3087

I’m delighted to have received the following endorsement from Anna Homer, archivist at The White Ribbon Association:

Scandal, Salvation and Suffrage is an illuminating history and a good read – involving and informative! Highly recommended for anyone particularly interested in the history of the White Ribbon Association or history in general!

Remember, if you prefer to read electronically Scandal, Salvation and Suffrage – the Amazing Women of The Temperance Movement is available in all ebook formats.

 

 

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What the Temperance Movement did for us?

I have just done a live interview on Newstalk Radio, Dublin http://www.newstalk.com They had picked up on the press release for Scandal Salvation and Suffrage – The Amazing Women of The Temperance Movement from the publisher http://www.troubador.co.uk

The presenter, Tara, asked me a very good question – what had the temperance movement done for us and what lessons could we learn today from it?

I suggested that we could all follow the example of the women temperance campaigners featured in the book and be non-judgmental about people’s drinking habits. There are many reasons why people turn to alcohol. What we, as a society, need to do is to provide alternatives to the pub and activities which engage people without alcohol being provided.

Of course, on reflection, there are many more answers I could have given:

The movement did achieve a considerable reduction in the number of pubs in many towns by the end of the 19th century.

There was greater public awareness of the dangers, and the monetary and social cost, of alcohol abuse. Taking the pledge became socially acceptable – On April 6th 1915, The King took the pledge for the duration of the war, setting an example to all.

It brought about reforms in the drinking age for children, and got the serving of alcohol by youngsters banned.

The Church of England Temperance Society, supported by The National British Women’s Temperance Society (NBWTA) established a system of Police Court Missionaries who offered to work with the accused and help them lead more sober, and productive lives – this was the precursor to today’s Probation Service.

The movement promoted not just the ‘virtue’ of sobriety but those of honesty, trust-worthiness, concern for others and industry.

The temperance movement gave women a voice and demonstrated that they could organise themselves, campaign with vigour and make a difference to people’s lives.

Let me know what else I should have highlighted in my answer to this question.

Posted in alcohol abuse, books by Ros Black, British Women's Temperance Association, female temperance reformers, Feminism, government policy on alcohol, Radio programmes, Recreational pursuits, teetotalism, Temperance, Victorian temperance movement, women of the temperance movement, women's history, WWI | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment